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Mount Abu Travel Guide

Location: Rajasthan, India
Significance: The only hill station of Rajasthan
STD Code: 02974
Best Season: Feb to June and Sep to Dec
Language: Hindi, Gujarati, English
Distance From Udaipur: 207 Km
Distance From Jaipur: 505 Km
Distance From New Delhi: 767 Km

The town of Mount Abu, the only hill station in Rajasthan, is located at an elevation of 1220 meters. It has been a popular retreat from the heat of Rajasthan. Mount Abu was once a part of the Chauhan kingdom of Rajasthan and served as a summer resort for the Rajput kings of the region. After that, it was leased by the British government from the then Maharaja of Sirohi for use as the headquarter of the resident to Rajputana (another name for Rajasthan). Being very close to Gujarat, it is a popular summer resort built around a lake and surrounded by thick woods and hills. It is said that the place was named after Arbuda, a serpent who descended to the spot to rescue Shiva's bull, Nandi. Besides the famous temples and other archeological remains, there are fascinating treks and picnic spots, romantic retreats of various erstwhile royal families of Rajputana and some remnants of the Raj period. Weirdly shaped gigantic rocks, lovely lakes and cool climate make Mt Abu a unique place in the arid desert land of the Thar.

Mount Abu has been home to many sages and saints. Most famous of them was Sage Vashishtha who is believed to have created four agnikula Rajput clans from a fire-pit by performing a ‘yagna’ or fire sacrifice, to protect the earth from the demons. Legend has it that all the 330 million gods and goddesses of the Hindu pantheon used to visit this holy mountain. It is also the place where the great saint Vashishth lived and performed a yagna (sacrificial worship on a fire pit) to create four Agnikula (four clans of fire) to protect the earth from demons. The yagna was supposed to have been performed near a natural spring, which emerged from a rock shaped like a cow's head. This place is held in reverence by Jains as well since Jain scriptures record that Lord Mahavira, the 24th Jain Tirthankar (spiritual leader), also visited Mount Abu and blessed the city.

Tourist Attraction

Gaumukh Temple
Dilwara Jain Temple
Adhar Devi Temple
Sunset Point
Honeymoon Point
Gardens and Parks
Museum and Art Gallery
Nakki Lake

Summer time Festival is celebrated for three days in Aashadh (based on the Hindu calendar), which normally falls in June. It is devoted towards the tribal culture and folk songs and dances. The Summer time Festival functions ballads, Gair, Ghoomar and Daph folk dances, which enchant the spectators with their grace and selection. Sporting events like the boat race to the Nakki Lake add selection for the festival.

Gangaur Festival is celebrated in Chaitra (according to the Hindu calendar), which often falls in March or April. 'Gan' represents Lord Shiva and 'Gaur' represents Goddess Gauri or Parvati, His consort. Gauri is considered to be the Goddess of marital happiness and conjugal bliss.

Mainly the festival for maidens and women, they worship her for very good husbands and also the welfare, health and lengthy lifestyle of their husbands respectively. Gangaur is celebrated all more than Rajasthan but there is certainly an intriguing way to celebrate Gangaur amongst the Girasia tribe, who live in Sirohi-Mount Abu area. Throughout their month-long festivity of Gangaur, the qualified boys and women with the tribe are totally free to pick their daily life partners and elope with them, and that too with all the social sanction!

How to Reach Mount Abu

By Air: The nearest airport to Mount Abu is Dabok Airport in Udaipur.

By Train : Mt. Abu is 29 km from your nearest railway station situated at Abu Street on Delhi-Mumbai route. Taxis, jeeps and buses are out there from Abu Street to Mount Abu.

By Road : Mt. Abu is effectively connected with smooth roads to all of the significant cities in northern and western India such as Ahmedabad, Jodhpur, Udaipur and Jaipur.

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